Artificial Incubation Applied to Small Numbers of Altricial Bird Eggs : Part 5


AR. A., C.V. PAGANELLI, R.B. REEVES, D.G. GREENE, and H. RAHN. (1974).
The avian egg: water vapor conductance, shell thickness, and functional pore area.
Condor 76:153-158.

AR, A. and H. RAHN. (1978). Interdependence of gas conductance, incubation
length and weight of the avian egg. In: Respiratiory Function in Birds, Adult and
Embryonic, ed J. Piiper. Springer Verlag, Berlin pp 227-238.

AR, A. and H. RAHN. (1980). Water in the avian egg: overall budget of incubation.
American Zoologist 20:373-384.

BAKER, J. R. (1988). Poor reproductive performance in exhibition budgerigars: A
study of eggs which fail to hatch. Journal of Small Animal Practice 29:565-571.

BIRD, D.M. (1987). Captive Breeding Small Falcons. In: Raptor Management
Techniques Manual, eds. B.A. Giron Pendleton, B.A. Millsap, K.W. Cline, and D.M.
Bird. National Wildlife Federation ,Washington, D.C. pp 364-367.

BIRD, D. M. and LAQUE, P. C. (1980). Fertility, egg weight loss, hatchability, and
fledgling success in replacement clutches of captive American Kestrels. Canadian
Journal of Zoology 60:80-88.

BROWN, A.F. (1979). The Incubation Book. Saiga Pub. Co. Surrey.

BUCHER, T.L. (1983). Parrot Eggs, embryos and nestlings: patterns and energetics
of growth and development. Physiological Zoology 56:465-483.

BUCHER, T.L. and M. C. BARNHART (1984). Varied egg gas conductance, air cell gas
tensions and development in Agapornis Roseicollis. Respiration Physiology 55:277-289.

BURNHAM, W. (1983). Artificial Incubation of falcon eggs. J. Wildlife Management 47:158-168.

CAREY, C. (1980). Introduction to the Symposium: Physiology of the Avian Egg.
American Zoologist 20:325-327.

CARPENTER, J.W., R.R. GABEL and S.N. WIEMEYER. (1987). Captive Breeding Eagles.
In: Raptor Management Techniques Manual, eds. B.A. Giron Pendleton, B.A. Millsap,
K.W. Cline, and D.M. Bird. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C. pp 350-355.

CUTLER, B.A., T.E. ROUDYBUSH and K.D. SHANNON. (1985). Viability of Cockatiel
(Nymphicus hollandicus) eggs stored up to ten days under several conditions. In: 34th
Western Poultry Disease Conference pp 104-106.

CUTLER, B.A. and U.K. ABBOTT. (1986). Effects of temperature on the hatchability
of artificially incubated cockatiel eggs (Nymphicus hollandicus). In: 35th Western
Poultry Disease Conference pp 32-35.

DOLENSEK, E. P., C. SHEPPARD and A. HERRON. (1979). Hatching problems in exotic
birds. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings pp 63-64.

EKPERIGIN, H. E. and R. H. McCAPES. (1977). Preincubation dipping of turkey hatching eggs I. Effect of shell treatment on amount and variability of fluid intake. Avian Diseases 21:596-604.

EKPERIGIN, H. E. and R. H. McCAPES. (1978). Preincubation dipping of turkey
hatching eggs II. Effect of shell treatment on hatchability. Avian Diseases 22:288-295.

FENTZLOFF, C. (1984). Breeding, artificial incubation and release of White-tailed sea
eagles. International Zoo Yearbook 23:18-35.

EVANS, M. P. (1988). Incubator Problem. Parrot Society 22(11):357-358.

FLAMMER, K. (1984). Hatching problems in Psittacine birds. American Federation of
Aviculture Veterinary Seminar Proceedings. pp 1-7.

GEE, G. F. (1983). Crane Reproductive Physiology and Conservation. Zoo Biology 2:199-213.

GEORGE, J. C. (1978). The mechanism and physiology of hatching in birds. Pavo (special volume) 16:179-192.

GRAU, C. R. (1987). Fertility in bird eggs. Exotic Bird Report, Avian Sciences, UC Davis 7:6-9.

HAIGH, R. (1984). The breeding and artificial incubation of hawks, buzzards and falcons.
International Zoo Yearbook 23 pp 51-58.

HARRISON, G. (1987). Reproductive Medicine. In: Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery;
including aviculture. Eds. G. J. Harrison and L. R. Harrison. W. B. Saunders Co. pp 620-633.

HECK, W. R. and KONKEL, D. (1983). Incubation and Rearing. In: Falcon Propagation:
A manual on Captive Breeding. Eds J. D. Weaver and T. J. Cade. The Peregrine Fund, Ithaca, New York.

HOFFMAN, K. (1987). Egg weight loss during incubation. Animal Keepers Forum 14:188-190.

HOYT, D. F. (1979). Practical methods of estimating volume and fresh weight of bird eggs.
The Auk 96:73-77.

JOHNSON, R. (1984). Management of artificially incubated bird eggs by weight loss.
American Association of Zoo Parks and Aquariums Regional Proceedings pp 199-208.

KLEA, J.A. (1983). Artificial incubation problems and solutions. International Foundation
for the Conservation of Birds Symposium pp 223-237.

KLEA, J.A. (1987). A technique for learning egg temperatures during natural incubation.
International Foundation for the Conservation of Birds Symposium pp 517-540.

KUHL, H. Y. (1988). Techniques in washing hatching eggs. Zootecnica 2(3):16-17.

LARUE, C. and HOFFMAN, K. (1981). Artificial incubation and hand-rearing of cranes. International Zoo Yearbook 21:215-217.

LOW, R. (1987). Hand-Rearing Parrots and Other Birds. Blandford Press, Dorset, U.K.

MANDEL, J., HAFEZ, H.M., WOERNLE, H. and KOSTERS, J. (1987). (Efficacy of disinfection methods for broiler breeder eggs contaminated with Salmonella.) Archive fur Geflugelkunde 51:16-21.

MARSHALL, J. D., HAGER C. H., and McKEE, G. (1986). The barn owl egg: weight loss characters, fresh weight prediction and incubation period. Raptor Research 20: 108-112.

OLSEN, P. D. and OLSEN, J. (1987). Egg weight loss during incubation in captive Australian Kestrels Falco cenhroides and Brown Goshawks Accipiter fasciatus. Emu 87:196-199.

RAHN, H. and A. AR. (1974). The avian egg: incubation time and water loss. Condor 76:147-152.

RAHN, H., C. V. PAGANELLI and A. AR. (1974). The avian egg: Air-cell gas tension, metabolism and incubation time. Respiration Physiology 22:297-309.

RAHN, H., C. V. PAGANELLI, I. C. T. NISBET, and G. C. WHITTOW (1976). Regulation of incubation water loss in eggs of seven species of terns. Physiological Zoology 49:245-259.

REINHART, B.S. (1982). Incubation. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Publication # 234.

REININGER, K. (1983). Artificial incubation of bird eggs. Animal Keepers Forum 10:418-423.

REININGER, K. (1985). Artificial incubation of bird eggs: update. American Association of Zoo Parks and Aquarium Regional Proceedings pp 427-435

ROUDYBUSH, T. (1984). Care of breeding birds and eggs for production of chicks for hand rearing. American Federation of Aviculture Veterinary Seminar Proceedings pp 67-71.
ROWE, B. E. (1986). A unit for the transportation of developing eggs. International Zoo Yearbook 24/25:306-310.

SAUNDERS, D.A. and G.T. SMITH. (1981). Egg dimensions and egg weight loss during incubation in five species of cockatoo, and the use of measurements to determine the stage of incubation of birds' eggs. Australian Wildlife Research 8:411-419.

SAUNDERS, D.A., G.T. SMITH and N.A. CAMPBELL. (1984). The relationship between body weight, egg weight, incubation period and nest site in the Psittaciformes, Falconiformes, Strigiformes and Columbiformes. Australian Journal of Zoology 32:57-65.

SCHWARTZ, A., J.D. WEAVER, N.R. SCOTT and T.J. CADE. (1977). Measuring the temperature of eggs during incubation under captive Falcons. Journal of Wildlife Management 41:12-17.

SMITH, G.T. and D.A. SAUNDERS. (1986). Clutch size and productivity in three sympatric species of cockatoo (Psittaciformes) in the South-West of Western Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 13:275-285.

SNELLING, J. (1972). Effects of incubation temperature and periodic cooling on artificially incubated American Kestrel eggs. In: Special Conference on Captivity Breeding of Raptors Part B Incubation, Natural and Artificial ed. R. R. Olendorff. Raptor Research Supplement 6:B17-B20.

STOODLEY, J. and P. STOODLEY. (1983). Parrot Production Incorporating Incubation. Bezels Pub. Portsmouth, England.

STOODLEY, J. and P. STOODLEY. (1984). Pionus Parrots. Bezels Pub. Portsmouth, England.

Van Der HEYDEN, N. (1987). Artificial incubation. Bird World 9(5):62-65.

VISSCHEDIJK, A. H. J. (1968). The airspace and embryonic respiration. I. The pattern of gaseous exchange in the fertile egg during the closing states of incubation. British Poultry Science 9:173-184.

WEINHEIMER, C. A. and SPOTILA, J. R. (1978). Shell resistance and evporative water loss from bird eggs: Effects of wind speed and egg size. American Zoologist 18:636. (Abstr.)

WILSON, H. R. and R. F. WILMERING. (1988). Hatchability as affected by egg turning in high density plastic egg flats during the last half of incubation. Poultry Science 67:685-688.

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