What type of media should I use if I want to
get realy clear water. Right now I just added the
Fluval 404 and changed some of my water and now it
is cloudy. What should I do?
You have a two part question.
I am assuming you have a freshwater system.
Media placement for freshwater for Fluval 404
would be as follows:
From the bottom media chamber #1 or "L" (as
described in our manual), use our Pre-Filter
Media, in chamber #2 or "M" you can use our
Bio~Max (supplied with the filter), in
chamber #3 or "M", you can use either all Bio Max
or 1/2 Bio Max and 1/2 Carbon, in chamber #4 or
"H" use Carbon.
If you want to use peat granules, I would use
Pre-Filter in #1, Bio-Max in #2, Carbon in #3 and
Peat Granules in #4. For Peat Fibers, use them in
Chamber #3 to reduce any chance of stray fibers
entering the impeller well and clogging its
rotation. In that case carbon or Bio~Max can be
placed in the uppermost chamber.
If you want to use ammonia remover, I would use
Pre-Filter in #1, Bio Max in #2, Carbon in #3 and
Ammonia Remover in #4.
Keep in mind that carbon should not be used in
a heavily planted aquarium and that both carbon
ammonia remover needs to be replaced every 4
weeks. Bio Max needs replacing every 6 months and
Pre-Filter does not need to be replaced. The
specific uses for all our media is found in our
manual under Fluval Filter Media.
To have really clean water, if you have just
started your tank or completely replaced all your
media and cleaned your tank it will take a while
to allow the filter material to mature with
biological activity. Until you have extablished a
balance of beneficial bacteria and allowed the
other bacteria to use up any organic material that
promotes bacteria to thrive in the water column,
your tank will be cloudy.
How to clear it up.
If you just started this tank or completely
replaced your media, you need to add Cycle. It is
Live but dormant beneficial bacteria in a bottle.
Double dose according to tank size. Remember to
add Cycle everytime you do a water change and/or
media change. Try not do a water change and
complete media change at the same time, you will
remove too much beneficial bacteria. One way to
protect against this is to ensure you always
retain some of the older media through the filter
cleaning. The chamber design of the Fluval system
lends itself to this style of cleaning where an
entire filter module can be left alone during the
rest of the media replacement.
If your tank has been running for a while and
it is cloudy that could be caused from several
reasons. You should not run the light for more
than 12 hours. Ensure the aquarium is not placed
where the tank will be struck by direct sunlight..
This can produce damaging temperature fluctuations
as well as promote suspended algae blooms that
turn the water into a pea soup green.
Do not overstock or overfeed your fish. If you
have cloudy water add Cycle to reduce the excess
production of ammonia and nitrite and "B" Clear.
"B" Clear is a biological product that clears up
cloudy water from a bacterial bloom. It contains
live cultures of bacteria that reduce organic
wastes that are the food for the bacteria that
explode and cause the visible cloud. By removing
the organic material before it dissolves into the
water column, the suspended bacteria are forced to
die back to invisible levels.
All the media and Cycle and "B" Clear can be
purchased from the retail location you purchased